Embezzling Energy?

Srinagar, Mar 19: Out of its 14 power stations, NHPC unilaterally owns four major projects in Jammu and Kashmir – the highest number of power stations owned by the Corporation in any one state. These include Salal with 690 MWs generation capacity, Uri-I with 480 MWs capacity, Dulhasti with 390 MWs and Sewa-II with 120 MW.
Out of the 5295 MWs of its existing generation capacity, NHPC is drawing the highest booty of 1680 MWs of energy from Jammu and Kashmir, while rest of the country is contributing just 3615 MWs to the Corporation's power kitty.
 And, what J&K is getting from NHPC in return for the massive exploitation of its left-over water resources – as the use of State' water resources is already embargoed by the discriminatory Indus Water Treaty (IWT) – a meagre 12 percent (200 MWs) energy as royalty.
 Pertinently, while NHPC has earned a whopping profit of Rs 1528 crore during the nine months ending December 2010, J&K continues to face huge resource crunch on account  of power purchases.
 Out of the 11 upcoming NHPC power stations, the highest number of four stations would be again in Jammu & Kashmir. These include Uri-II (280 MWs), Kishenganga (330 MWs), Nimo Bazgo (45 MWs) and Chutak (44 MWs).
 While the total generation capacity of the NHPC's new power stations throughout the country is estimated to be 4622 MWs, J&K would be again a major contributor to the Corporations' energy booty contributing the highest chunk of around 2000 MWs of energy. And, at the pitiable rate of 12 percent royalty, the State would get a share of just around 300 MWs of this energy.
 With the commissioning of its four proposed power stations in J&K, NHPC's generation capacity would jump to an enviable 2379 MWs from eight hydro projects in the power-starved State. Curiously, while in the states like Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and North East, most of the NHPC power projects are in joint venture with the respective starts governments, sharing energy on 50:50 basis, J&K is the only exception where the Corporation has to keep aside only 12 percent of electricity as royalty  for the State.
 Ironically, while most of the hilly states like Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and North Eastern region have almost become power surplus, J&K is still generating struggling with pestering power cuts.
 With the Government of India having secured the exclusive rights over the use of the waters from the three eastern rivers - Sutlej, Beas and Ravi (flowing through Punjab) and surrendering the rights of the waters from the three western rivers – Indus, Jhelum and Chenab (flowing through J&K) to Pakistan under the Indus Water Treaty, Jammu & Kashmir was already put to a harsh disadvantageous position and whatever limited water resources were left for the State to exploit for its economic development are being 'pillaged ' by the NHPC.

CVPDC ARRANGEMENT
 The NHPC is developing three more power projects with installed capacity of 2120 MW in joint venture with the State Power development Corporation under the banner of Chenab Valley Power Development Corporation. The joint venture between the NHPC and the SPDC is on 51: 49 basis.
 The projects under CVPDC include 1000-MW Pakal Dul, 600-MW Kiru and 520-MW Kawar.
 The joint venture has come under sharp criticism for being “highly biased in favour of NHPC and against the interests of the state as the state share was restricted by a minority upper ceiling.”
 The state government has allotted construction of 690 MW Rattle power project on Chenab River to an outside company on Built, Own, Operate and Transfer (BOOT) basis. While 450 MW Baghliar-I, owned by JKSPDC, is already functional on Chenab River, work on phase II of the project is on.
 Another state-owned power project – 1200 MW Sawalakote – is hooked up in a legal wrangle.

Lastupdate on : Sat, 19 Mar 2011 21:30:00 Makkah time
Lastupdate on : Sat, 19 Mar 2011 18:30:00 GMT
Lastupdate on : Sun, 20 Mar 2011 00:00:00 IST




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