JK’s energy deficit highest among central, northern states

Shortfall Nearing 30 Percent

MUDDASIR ALI

Srinagar, Nov 19: Jammu and Kashmir is facing the highest power deficit among all the northern and central states of India, a study has found. The state having vast hydropower resources is grappling with the energy deficit of above 25 percent followed by Uttar Pradesh with 20.2 percent energy deficit and Madhya Pradesh having 15 percent.
A comparative study on power situation in the Northern and Central states by PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry has found that New Delhi was having minimum power shortage of 0.3 percent followed by Rajasthan (0.9 percent), Chhattisgarh (1.75 percent), Himachal Pradesh (3.4 percent), Haryana (5.6 percent), Punjab and Uttarakhand (6 percent each).
The average national power deficit was recorded at 8.5 percent. The PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry is a representative organization of business and mercantile community of northern and central India. With its base in New Delhi the chamber has regional chapters in many states including J&K.
The study has however found that the per capita consumption of energy in JK was slightly higher than the average national consumption at around 952 KWh.
“If we count the local power generation and imports from northern grid the deficit must be beyond 25 percent now. The shortage of electricity indicates the need for upgrading the performance/output in the energy sector,” said a senior official in the State Power Development Corporation (SPDC).
The PDC official said energy shortage was an indication of insufficient generation capacity and inadequate transmission and distribution networks.
“The need of the hour is reforms in the energy sector to make it efficient,” the official said. He said while there has been some progress during the recent years in the state energy sector with execution of 450-MW Baghliar-II, the widening gap in demand and availability of energy continues to be major constraint which is also having a negative impact on economic growth.
J&K’s overall power demand has grown to over 2300 MW while peak hydropower generation is around 760 MW. The shortfall is partially met through import from northern grid for which government had to cough out over Rs 2000 crore last year.
But the state government is facing criticism for its failure to enhance hydropower generation despite having potential of over 16000 MW.
The study has found that states with higher power tariffs like Delhi, Punjab and Haryana exhibited low power deficits while the states with lower power tariffs have high deficit such as J&K and UP.
It has attributed high power deficit in J&K and other states to mounting T&D losses. J&K, MP and UP have posted high percentages of T&D losses of around 58%, 42% and 38% which is higher than national average of 25.4% while states like HP, Delhi and Punjab have registered lower percentage of T&D losses of around 16%, 22% and 23% respectively.
The study has found that the industrial investment proposals attracted by J&K were marginal in comparison to other states including some newly carved out states in India.
The Naxalite-hit Chhattisgarh was found to be most attractive destination for industrial investments backed by a robust power scenario marked by marginal power deficit.
Besides, MP was able to attract a sizable share of industrial investment proposals despite having a very high power deficit. Rajasthan was found to be on way to strengthen its power sector.
The Secretary (Technical), PDD, Asgar Ali Majaz said the peak power demand of the state was around 2300 MW. “The deficit of around 25 percent is met through curtailments,” he said.

Lastupdate on : Mon, 19 Nov 2012 21:30:00 Makkah time
Lastupdate on : Mon, 19 Nov 2012 18:30:00 GMT
Lastupdate on : Tue, 20 Nov 2012 00:00:00 IST




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