The Sikhism is the youngest of all known world religions. Its founders are Ten Gurus who lived from 1469-1708. Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikh religion is beyond interpretation. It is believed that the same divine light travelled in their bodies' one after the other. God incarnate, the Guru even in human form presents such a colossal and cosmic vision in the religion, spiritual emancipation and humanism that one is simply wonder struck.
Guru Nanak's range of cognition was vast and spatial. He emerged from the Bein River as the messenger of GOD. He came in touch with the incomprehensible and infinitely marvelous Universe as well as the colossal and familiar world within. He was lifted beyond the confines of time and space when a radiant kind of vital energy gave him a fleeting glimpse of the almighty. His blissful word (Shabad) "Waheguru" is only answer to us to interpret in a state of ecstasy.
Guru Nank preached brotherhood of men and was a great humanist whose outlook was universal, free from the shackles of caste, creed, sex etc. the mission of Guru Nank told the "Sidhas" of the times not to go to the mountains and jungles and instead realize God while leading a normal family life. In God's house the significance lies in your deed and dependence on almighty. His emphasis is on virtues like self control, service, honest living and faith. Guru Ji said:
Mera Baid Guru Govinda
Hare Hare Nam Aukhad Mukh Devay
(My Holy master is my physician he pours the medicines of NAM in noose of Jama) GGS P-618)
He took four great journeys. All the routes were infested with robbers, dacoits, but nothing deterred Guru Ji during his journey to the north rounding the Sinkiang province of China and turned north west after passing through Chushal pass from China he went up to Baku (Russia) then passed though Leh to Nimu and Skardu. From Kargil to Amarnath, Pahalgam, Mattan, Anantnag, Awantipora, Srinagar, Bandipur, Baramulla to Uri, Muzzafarabad to Hasan Abdal. Guru Nank Came to Humanize the masses who were dehumanized.
The clarity of his thought reflected his reality of cosmic consciousnesses. The features of his mission were appealing and attractive to masses.
Belief in one God, not to be represented by any physical symbol.
The equality of all human beings.
The organic fusion of the spiritual and wordily life and worship with the fulfillment of social obligation.
Organized community life as an expression of the religion ideals and
The repetition of God's Name as a form of prayer.
Guru Ji stressed that religion should not be measured through rationalistic yard sticks. It is a realization (Anubhav).
He anticipated and developed the philosophy of ecumemison in his Shabads which later became an integral part of Guru Granth Sahib.
Guru Nanak's message is the ultimate truth which could stand the test of all times, all sciences and all philosophies. The fundaments are all important and almighty can be realized only through his name. Guru Nanak says.
In the name I reside
The name resides in the mind
Without the Guru darkness prevails
Without his word there is no illumination
Though the Guru's wisdom his light is revealed.
Bani contain everything that we need to live happy life. Bani Guru, Guru Lae Baani, which Baani Amrit Saare" Shabad Guru is a priceless treasure. Sikh Guru are ambassadors of GOD not GOD themselves.
Guru Nanak was first Punjabi poet of Kashmir who wrote Malar Mahala Phala, Maru Mahala etc at Mattan Sahib. Kashmir had a lasting impact on Guru Nanak's mind. The ethics of the Guru centers round human virtues and universally accepted norms of good behaviour based on truth, righteousness, compassion, love, to lerance, charity, humanity and knowledge.
Dr. Radha Krishnan former president of India and philosopher of repute said, "Guru Nanak tells us keep no feeling of enmity for any one. God is contained in every bosom. Forgiveness is love at its highest power." His message was not confined to Sikhs only but for whole mankind.
Guru was loved by Muslims and Hindus alike. Muslim contribution to Guru Granth Sahib is perennial. Seven Muslims of whom Sheikh Farid (1173-1265) and Bhikhan (1480-1573) were Sufi mystics. Bhagat Kabir (1398-1448) of Banaras was a weaver by profession while Sadna (Thirteen century) was a butcher by vocation. Bhai Mardana (1459-1434), Rai Balwand and Satta Doom were mirasis (minstrels) who served Guru Nanak and successors Gurus) (16th -17th Centuries) as reback players respectfully called Rababis-Muslim Guru Granth Sahib incredible effect is hard to describe, it has to be experienced. Mulmantra is a key to Guru Granth Sahib. The subject matter of Guru Nanak's bani lays emphasis or equal status man and woman in society and firmly conveys the message of social equality.
On the glorious birthday of Guru Nanak, Sikhs have to analyse, introspect and interpret themselves continuously by remaining devoted to his name and service of his creation.
The author is a celebrated and editor of "Jhelum Da Panni" quarterly Punjabi magazine.
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