Jammu and Kashmir Coalition for Civil Society (JKCCS) Wednesday released preliminary report about alleged excesses and human right violations by armed forces in Jammu and Kashmir.
The report titled 'Structures of Violence: The Indian State in Jammu and Kashmir' was released during a press conference here.
It has revealed that 972 forces personnel including 464 army personnel, 161 paramilitary man, 158 J&K Police cops and 189 government gunmen were allegedly involved in perpetrating various crimes.
Among the alleged perpetrators are one Major General and seven Brigadiers of the Army besides 31 Colonels, four Lieutenant Colonels, 115 Majors and 40 Captains.
"The list also includes 54 senior officials of the paramilitary forces and a retired Director General of J&K Police, a present Additional Director General of Police, two Inspectors General, two Deputy Inspectors General, six Senior Superintendents of Police, and three Superintendents of Police," the report says.
This report presents 333 case studies of enforced disappearances, extra-judicial killings, sexual violence and torture with 972 identified alleged perpetrators.
"The list of perpetrators, their ranks, units and areas of operation strongly suggest that crimes in Jammu and Kashmir are widespread, systematic and under directions and in the knowledge of senior officials of the armed forces and the State itself," said organizers.
The report estimates the strength of armed forces, including Army and BSF in Jammu and Kashmir from a 656,638 to 750,981.
Speaking about the research for compilation of report, the organizers said: "We selected two Brigade level formations, Khanabal camp and Tapper camp. Each is headed by a Brigadier who in turn controls numerous battalions and camps. This report, based on preliminary investigations, finds that the army at the Sector level had control over, and is responsible for the crimes committed in the areas of study. Further, the Indian army controlled, armed and financed government gunmen Ikhwan and Muslim Mujahideen – and used these operatives to commit crimes."
Speaking on the occasion, human rights activist, Parvez Imroz said, "the report understands the operation of this structure of State through specific spectacles of "mass violence". Case studies, comprising eight different crimes including extra-judicial killing, torture and sexual violence, and a range of perpetrators (army, paramilitary, police, government gunmen) illustrate the extent of violence and the intended effect of this violence on communities. The violence, obfuscation and impunity at every step illuminate the system at work and reiterate the argument that there can be no justice from the judicial system."
The organizers said that Government of India is reminded of its obligation to protect and preserve evidence and allow international human rights agencies entry to Jammu and Kashmir. They added that the copy of report will be presented to Human Rights Organization Geneva.
Gautam Navlakha, social activist and journalist said that the report has coincidently come to fore at a time when India is claiming its seat in UNO Security Council.
"As an Indian, I say that 1.2 billion Indians deserve seat in Security Council. But Government of India should be tested that does it adhere to international humanitarian law. Does it provide justice to the victims of massacres and mass violence," he said.
Speaking about the Machil encounter verdict, he said: "We don't know whether the convicted go to HC or SC and get quashed the court martial decision. Let us wait and watch. This is India and anything is possible."