October 6, 1586: Kashmir loses sovereignty to Akbar

Kashmir lost its sovereignty to Mughal emperor Akbar on October 6, 1586.
October 6, 1586: Kashmir loses sovereignty to Akbar
File Photo

Kashmir lost its sovereignty to Mughal emperor Akbar on October 6, 1586. His commander Qasim Khan led the Mughal army and annexed Kashmir. This marked the beginning of the end of Kashmir's independence. The fight for lost sovereignty continues to his day. 

The mighty Mughal army was defeated two times by defiant Kashmiris. Finally Akbar resorted to cheating and offered friendship to the Kashmir King Yusuf Shah Chak.

Chak was advised by his ministers and especially by his queen against going to Delhi. But he went ahead saying bloodshed had subjected his people to inconvenience and sufferings. Akbar arrested him and jailed him in Bihar. The king died in prison and was buried there.

The incumbent Finance Minister of the state, Dr Haseeb Drabu, sought Chak's remains from government of India last year. However, no proper campaign was launched for the remains.

After Yusuf's arrest, the Mughal army again invaded Kashmir. This time Akbar's commander Qasim Khan succeeded in enslaving what used to be called Iran-e-Sageer.

However, unlike rest of the sub-continent, the Kashmiris never accepted Mughal rule. They fought the invaders. The Kashmiris launched a Guerrilla war against the Mughal army and engaged them for several years. However, as the time passed the resistance turned subtle. A time came when it was confined to cursing the Mughals and calling them names.

Kashmiris called them Shikas Mughal and Poge Mughal to console their melancholy.

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