The economics of animal rearing

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Livestock sector has immense potential for growth in Jammu and Kashmir. Livestock contribute to the livelihoods of the poor often in many ways that other things cannot. It offers them employment and a definite source of income. The economics of animal rearing plays a vital role in the country’s overall growth. Animal rearing besides directly contributing to the national income & socio-economic development plays other pivotal functions:

1. It supplements family income & generates gainful employment in the rural sector.

2. It particularly helps the landless labourers, small & marginal farmers & women (economic empowerment of women).

3. It provides cheap nutritional food.

4. Function as the best insurance against drought, famine & other natural calamities;

5. Last but not the least, it promotes the cause of sustainable agricultural development which forms the base of the overall country’s GDP growth.

The department of the animal husbandry has ample funding platforms available under various centrally sponsored schemes / central sector schemes to encourage, incentivize establishment of livestock dairy farms & poultry farms etc. The details of some of the important centrally sponsored schemes are highlighted as under;

National Livestock Mission: Under this mission, GoI provides a number of schemes under the sub-mission entrepreneurship development & employment generation (EDEG) where a subsidy of 25% for unreserved category & 33% for the people belonging to SC/ST community is being provided to establish their own poultry units etc. it covers development of poultry, fodder, skill development & employment generation components. The scheme is funded by the GoI & state Govt. in the ratio of 90:10 and is the main funding source for poultry development, feed & fodder development.

Rashtryia Gokul Mission: This is the major funding source platform for bovine breeding & covers all activities for genetic up gradation of local cattle & buffalos. It has components like national programme for bovine breeding & pashu sanjivini.

Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme(DEDS): Main objectives of this scheme areas;

•           To generate self employment & provides infrastructure for dairy sector.

•           To setup modern dairy farms & production of clean milk infrastructure,

•           To provide value addition to milk via processing & production of milk products.

Pattern of Assistance:

Bank ended capital subsidy @25% of the project cost for unreserved category & @ 33% for SC/ST farmers. The component-wise ceiling will be subjected to indicative cost arrived at by NABARD from time to time.

Entrepreneur contribution (margin) for loans beyond Rs 1 lakh-10% of project cost(minimum).

Livestock health and Disease Control (LH&DC): This scheme has the following components;

•           Assistance to states for control of animal diseases(ASCAD)

•           National project on rinderpest surveillance &monitoring (NPRSM)

•           Professional efficiency development(PED)

•           Foot & mouth disease control program(FMD-CP)

•           National animal disease reporting system(NADRS)

•           Brucellosis control programme(brucellosis-CP).

Besides these above schemes, an important facility that has been recently offered by GoI to the farmers is the extension of Kisan Credit Card (KCC) to the animal husbandry farmers with the benefits of interest subvention (IS) @ 2% and prompt repayment incentive (PRI) @3%..

Objective of KCC

This scheme aims at providing adequate & timely credit support from the banking system with flexible and simplified procedure to the animal husbandry farmers for their working capital requirement towards the following activities.

Milch animal rearing, poultry layer, farming, poultry boiler farming rabbit farming etc.

How to avail

Interested beneficiaries can apply to the nearest concerned animal husbandry officers for the timely implementation of these schemes /facilities on ground”.

Author is a registered pharmacist of AHD Kashmir.