It is ordained that in dispensing justice, there should neither be fear not favour:
“O ye who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even as against yourself, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor, for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of you hearts) lest ye swerve, and if you distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah is well-acquainted with all ye do’’ (Al Nisa: 135)
Among Allah’s various attributes is dispensing justice without favour and in dispensing justice, it should be borne in mind that we are bearing witness to Allah (SwT) hence it is imperative that while dispensing it, we stand firm. In dispensing justice, consideration of being a parent or being a near and dear one should be set aside. On a similar plane, any consideration of being high or low, rich or poor is unwarranted. One may like to favour the rich, expecting return of the favour in some form. Or, one may be disposed to favour the poor, taking their helplessness as plea.
Partiality in dispensing justice unwarranted, as ultimately parent or the kin, rich or the poor are in Allah (SwT)’s protection. He is the final protector, as well as the final arbiter. That is precisely the reason for bearing witness to Allah (SwT) while dispensing justice without fear or favour.
Although there is a Latin saying, which says, ‘’Let justice be done though heavens should fall’’ Islamic justice is much higher than any other form prescribed by Roman or any other legal code, as it strives to search the innermost motives in dispensing justice, it is much more penetrative and subtle than any other known legal code.