The social injustice that is prevalent in Islamic societies today clearly depicts the lack of implementation of the Qur’anic teachings in the Muslim world, comments
Qur’an a critical tool in the hands of Muslims-II
The social injustice that is prevalent in Islamic societies today clearly depicts the lack of implementation of the Qur’anic teachings in the Muslim world, comments Rakhshanda Khan
Qur’an — a solution to the social injustice
According to Dr. Iqbal, “there are two sources of knowledge: the inner consciousness of human beings and the outer world of nature”. It is the society that can help an individual to develop. We can see the concept of social justice appearing here. If every Muslim has an inner consciousness and a desire to contribute something productive to the society and if the society follows the basic principles of Qur’an, then he/she can surely make a difference to the world and help in the realization of social justice.
An example can be the concept of Zakat in Islam. Qur’an has mentioned the verses related to Zakat numerous times. If Muslims acquire this sense of inner consciousness and pay heed to the Qur’anic principles, is it not possible that the Muslim situation would be better? The extent to which the Muslims today are insensitive to the demands made by this book is clearly evident in the following lines. Below are given the verses in Qur’an that mention about the concept of Zakat.
2:43, 2:110, 2:177, 2:262-264, 2:271-274, 2:277, 3:92, 3:134, 4:39, 5:12, 5:55, 9:5, 9:18, 9:60, 9:71, 9:121, 21:73, 22:41, 22:78, 24:37, 27:3, 30:38-39, 31:4, 36:47, 41:7, 47:36-38, 51:19, 52:40, 57:7, 57:10-12, 63:10, 64:16-17, 73:20, 76:8, 92:18, 98:5, 107:7
Such is the deaf, dumb and blind nature of the Muslims today that we are simply insensitive to the teachings of the divinely guided book.
Nobody can be forced to elevate his/her soul and follow the divine guidelines. It has to come from within an individual. The society also should be such that it nurtures an individual and cultivates an environment that supports these endeavors. As Dr. Iqbal puts it, “freedom is a condition of goodness, for goodness cannot be a matter of compulsion. A being whose movements are wholly determined like a machine cannot produce goodness.”
Those Muslims who do not feel the responsibility to realize the mission and do not have the inner consciousness to internalize the principles of Qur’an and are swayed away by the pomp and glitter of this life can hardly give anything to others rather they would end up destroying their own selves. This can be further explained by the following verse “If you did well, you did well for yourselves; If you did evil, you did it against yourselves” (17:7)
Quran appeals to the reason
The Qur’anic verses require Muslims to engage in the process of analyzing, evaluating and judging.
Qur’an talks about lots of verses that are based on rational arguments. An example can be the following verse:
Surah Yasin v 77: “Do man not see that it is we who created him from sperm? Yet behold! He (stands forth) as an open adversary”.
Surah Al Jin v 3: “And exalted is the majesty of our Lord. He has taken neither a wife nor a son”.
Surah Al Insan v 2: “Verily we created man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him so we gave him the gifts of hearing and sight.”
Surah Al Qiyyamah v 38: “Then did he become a clinging clot, then did Allah make and fashion him in due proportion”.
Qur’an emphasizes on critical thinking
Qur’an has always required the readers to be critical. In several verses, it uses the reflective thinking style that invites the believers to use their critical thinking so that they would reflect and ponder meticulously.
Surah Imran v 190: “Beholdl In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night and day, these are indeed signs for the men of understanding”.
Surah Arafv 185: “Do they not look in the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all the things that Allah has created?”
Quran uses analogies
Qur’an provides examples to the believers by providing analogies in order to make certain concepts clear. The following verse used by Qur’an is a perfect example.
Surah Nur v 39: “But the unbelievers, their deeds are like mirage in sandy deserts, which the man parched with thirst mistakes for water, until when he comes up to it and finds nothing: But he finds Allah there, and Allah will pay him his account: And Allah is swift in taking accounts”.
There are countless other thinking styles used in Qur’an apart from the above mentioned thinking styles.
Qur’an provokes to think
The thought provocative questions are used in the Qur’an many times. For example, Qur’an in the verse Surah Fatir v 3: “O men remember the grace of Allah unto you! Is there a Creator, other than Allah, to give you sustenance from heaven or earth? There is no God but he, then how are ye perverted”?
Qur’an is a critical tool that encourages the believers to use their intellect and reason in order to make the world a better place to live, in order to realize social justice and eradicate all the evils that are plaguing the Muslim world. In this Book of guidance we find numerous thinking styles that are granted to us so that we may think and use our intellect to see the world a little differently beyond our material desires and lusts and to reflect upon the signs of Allah (SWT), become better individuals and work for the betterment of the humanity, thereby realizing the social justice. In short, Qur’an has a unique nature, it appeals to the minds of its readers. The reader feels as if the particular passage he/she is reading is being directed utterly to him.