As we know that the UN General Assembly held on September 25, 2015 had adopted the document titled “Transforming our World with the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development”. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) seek to address not only the root causes of poverty but also the universal need for integrated social, economic and environmental dimensions of development. Countries have the primary responsibility for follow-up and review, at the national level with regard to the progress made in implementing the goals and targets over the next 15 years.
Accordingly, the UN General Assembly in its 70th Session considered and adopted the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and associated 169 targets for the next 15 years. The 17 SDGs came into force with 306 distinct national indicators identified for monitoring the progress of national and global SDGs and associated targets
The government of India is strongly committed to agenda 2030 including the Sustainable Development Goals. India has provided strong endorsement to the SDGs, giving a considerable fillip to agenda 2030. It is widely agreed that India will play a leading role in determining the relative success or failure of the SDGs, as it is the second most populous country in the world. India is already taking significant strides towards the attainment of SDGs,
In order to achieve the targets of sustainable development goals there are number of challenges at this movement. Some challenges for achieving targets of sustainable development goals are as under:
(a) The real challenge for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals is time frame to achieve the targets by year 2030. There are so many schemes and programmes of the union government and state governments which are yet to be linked with the goals and the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals. Early the schemes of the union and state governments are linked with SDGs, the better results may be possible to reach the target year 2030. NITI Aayog has already taken measure steps to link all central schemes for better implementation and achieving the targets of the sustainable goals by 2030. Some state governments are yet to even start the process to link state schemes with goals due to lack of capacity building and non-seriousness to link them with the goals and to achieve the targets.
(b) The important challenge is statistics, as statistics play an important role to achieve the goals with targets. There are so many indicators which determine where the goals stand for and what steps should be taken to achieve targets of the prescribed goals. Further there are so many indicators which have no statistics which results in the weakness of the targets to implement and will not be able to achieve the goals well in the time frame year 2030.
(c) Data challenges is need to measure progress against SDGs rekindled an interest in the quality and availability of data for measuring country’s performance, scheme design and management. Although some progress has been made in strengthening the statistical system, this progress is uneven and India continues to lack in uniform statistical systems. The domestic requirements for good governance and accountability as a tool for evaluating government performance have increased demand for reliable data. A national framework enable the development of reliable, high quality data on a range of subjects. Data is currently not available for some of the 306 National Indicators developed by National Statistical Office (NSO) of Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation. However, to initiate the monitoring process, NITI Aayog decided to prioritise some indicators on which state-wise data is available and consider those indicators for designing the SDG India Index. It is duty of experts, scholars, researchers and institutions of state and centre to work together for developing methodology and generating statistics urgently of those indicators which have not been estimated but play an important role for sustainable development goals.
(d) Another important challenge is awareness of SDGs to every citizen so that implementation of schemes and programs of Central and State governments to processes properly and able to generate real statistics for indicators of sustainable development goals. The real statistics will help to determine the targets to be achieved in time frame by 2030.
There are many schemes and programmes of the Central and State governments which have shown strong implementation of various schemes on papers only and the realty is different on ground level due to the dishonesty, corruption, lack of knowledge of the schemes and programme implementation. It should be mass movement for all citizens, establishments and governments to be honesty, accountable and free from any type of corruption for implementation of sustainable developments goals and will meet out targets well in time frame along with rest of the UN member countries of the world.