Children are the future of any nation. For these children, higher training, better education, proper upbringing, decent care and special care are the primary responsibility of parents and teachers. In this regard, the primary responsibility of parents, especially mothers is to train and educate their children in according with Islamic teachings and psychology. It is important for parents to know the basics of child psychology. Knowledge of psychological issues is essential for solving children’s mental problems. After parents, teachers are the next source of education for children. These kind personalities are available to him in the mother of knowledge. At school, children are encouraged to make full use of eye and ear sensations. There are many new ways and means of conducting scientific and practical exercises. Everything here goes beyond observation to study. This process of study and its other accessories are very helpful in shaping and refining the child’s personality.
Exploitation means to do bad deeds, to say bad things, to commit immorality, to abuse, to insult, disrespecting and taking unfair advantage etc. There are the following types of child exploitation:
- Physical Exploitation: This refers to when a parent or guardian causes a non-accidental physical injury to a child. This includes hitting, tripping, taunting, pushing or any other act that injures the child.
- Emotional Exploitation: when a parent or guardian impairs a child’s mental and social development or causes severe emotional damage, it falls into the category of emotional abuse. As well as when a parent or guardian cares for a child’s appropriate and desired care. And if you don’t love, then the child is ignored, even though this care and love is needed for the child’s health, protection and well-being. It is also an emotional exploitation.
- Sexual Exploitation: This occurs when an adult usess a child for his or her own pleasure or when the child himself engages in such acts. This also includes if an older child or a more powerful child uses a younger child for his or her own unjust satisfaction.
The fourth type of child exploitation which is the most dangerous. So certaih things need to be taken care of:
- Try to have separate beds for children so as not to create a sexual feeling.
- Prevent children from going to other people’s houses alone because such a situation usually arises where there is more trust. Children can be deceived into believing.
- Parents should not underestimate their children and make fun of them in front of them because children are imitators. They may try to follow their parents when the opportunity arises.
- Don’t let boys and girls play alone. Loneliness can sometimes be the cause.
- Keep children away from obscenities in the name of fashion. Children should not have access to fashion magazines etc.
- Parents should avoid taking their children to places where there is a risk of temptation and sin.
- Children’s weak personality also makes them victims. Because children with a weak personality are usually exposed to threats. So teach children to defend themselves in dangerous situations and get them used to the fact that whenever someone tries to hurt them, they do not weaken, but resist hard.
Parents should take all possible measures to protect their children from such situations and give them proper awareness to get out of such dangerous situations.
Children should be instructed that certain parts of their body are private parts that no one can touch. If someone touches their private parts, tell your parents right away. If ever a very dangerous situation arises and someone sees them with dirty eyes, immediately run away and get out of there and start making noise. Get to a place where there are more people to stay safe. That is, if someone treats them, with bad intentions, the children should call others for help.
Child labour is also a serious form of child exploitation. In general terms, child labour means depriving adolescents and minors of their right to education and entertainment and forcing them to work at a young age. As a developing country, child labour is common in our society. In our country, minors sometimes shouted for shoe polish at intersections and markets, washed dishes at hotels, sold newspapers at traffic signals and cleaned car windows, blackened their tinny hands at workshops and mechanic shops, and factories. I see myself and my family driving hard and begging at the intersections.
Another painful picture of the same tragedy is the youngest daughters of poor families at home, who work as housemaids and are often left unpaid. Thousands of such destitute girls are relocated in large numbers from backward areas. Where they are forced to work. Sometimes poor and needy parents voluntarily leave their livers at the princes’ mansions and bungalows in exchange for bread and general education. These sad pictures of innocent children are a telling proof of the helplessness and loneliness of our society.
Child labour is a great tragedy. Despite legal restrictions across the country, the elimination of child labour has not been possible. Despite legal restrictions, young children are not only subjected to illegal labour, but are also treated worse than animals. It is unfortunate that children who are not able to withstand the scorching sun of the times, the burden of livelihood are placed on their fragile shoulders. There are many causes of child labour, some of which are as follows:
- Poverty: Poverty is the biggest cause of child labour. Usually parents who cannot afford to pay for their children’s education or for some reason are not able to earn a living on their own or have low incomes and high expenses, will reluctantly support their children. They rather want them to work from an early age.
- Ignorance of Parents: Lack of knowledge also causes child labour. Parents do not know the effects of education on their children. Some parents are of the view that the purpose of education is only to earn a living, so these parents leave their children at an early age in a factory, motor mechanic or any other skilled work so that they can earn a living as soon as possible. To be able to shake their hand.
- Government Apathy: Child labour is also caused by incompetent rulers. Since the rulers have no interest in solving the problems of the people, they do not pay any attention to the education and training of the children and their future. Whether these architects of the nation’s future get an education or work hard at a young age, the rulers have no interest in it; they only care about the future of their descendants.
- Indifference of Society: The apathy of the people in the society is also a major cause of child labour. Where people become selfish and lose the sense that a child of school age is in a mechanic’s shop. Why repair a car with tools in hand? If the people realise that even if the government does not take steps for education and training then the influential people can meet the financial needs as well as the education of deserving students by setting up institutions for education and training. In a society where the spirit of empathy and philanthropy is lost, problems like child labour continue to arise.
Elimination of child labour is possible. We can try the following :
- One of the duties of the government is to provide for the helpless and needy. If the rulers perform their duties in a benevolent manner and help the helpless families from the treasury, then child labour can be eliminated.
- International organisations solve the problems of the poor and needy in third world countries. If the society, the country and the international community perform their duties, the issue of child labour can be resolved permanently.
- In addition to the government controlling child labour, every member of society should play their full role in this campaign so that every child can get an education.
- The government should provide employment to the poor so that the minor children do not have to work and they have access to educational opportunities.
- At the government level, poor parents should be required to send their children to school.
Emphasis should be placed not only on the worldly success of children but also on making them good, useful and profitable human beings as well as on the path to success in the hereafter.
The writer is ICSSR Post-Doctoral Fellow, Centre of Central Asian Studies University of Kashmir, Srinagar (J&K).