How Drug Addiction Start?

Drug addiction affects mostly teens. This is because the factors influencing are same, no matter what your family situation or social status may be. The most common reason teens try drug is peer pressure. Friends or class mates might pressure you into trying a drug, reassuring you that they have tried it and aren’t addicted, so you will be fine too. In television and movies teens are bombarded with images of kids like them using drugs with no negative consequences. It is portrayed as cool or harmless. But with repeated use, the initial harmless taste can lead to full blown drug addiction. The fact is that every drug is dangerous and life threatening and there is not a single drug that doesn’t hold the potential to lead the addiction. Just because a teen is smart, doesn’t mean that he is mature enough to have sound judgement, which is the prefrontal cortex, doesn’t fully mature until you are in your mid-20s.so many kids figure there’s  nothing risky about trying drugs. The reality is that even if you are dabbling in drugs, it can cause serious problems beyond addiction. These problems include overdoses, car accidents and sexual assaults.

How is brain affected?

Drug addiction forms rapidly and without warning. This is because drugs work on your brain in subtle way. Consider how you feel when something good happens to you. That euphoric feeling, the one that washes over you when you’re praised or when you team wins a game. The first time you try any type of drug, you usually experience unnaturally intense pleasure. This activates the reward circuitry in your brain releasing dopamine to carry the message that whatever is causing the pleasure is good .Your brain begins to change because of unnatural flood of neurotransmitters .The neurons sense that there is more than enough dopamine production and so they reduce the number of dopamine receptors or make less dopamine , resulting in less dopamine signaling your brain. Some drugs can cause neurons to die.so you feel flat ,depressed or life less without the drug to activate this circuitry. Drugs are required at this point to bring your dopamine levels back up to normal and larger amounts will be necessary to create a high. This is called tolerance according to NIDA(National institute on Drug Abuse).Although researchers know what happens to your brain if you become addicted to drugs, there is no way to predict how many times a person can use drugs before becoming addicted. This depends on many factors, so it varies from one teen to other. Genetic makeup and environment ,for example ,Play Signiant roles in how rapidly drug addiction will form. Each drug works differently because it has different chemical structure. Drugs like marijuana and heroin have a chemical structure that imitates the structure  of neurotransmitters in your brain do, They fool receptors ,and can lock into them to activate the nerve cells ,they don’t work the same way that the natural neurotransmitters in your brain do , so they send abnormal messages.

Resources for Getting Help?

Dealing with drug addiction is a daunting task. It’s often difficult for a teen to know where to turn, but there are number of resources available, and teens addicted to drugs should know that they are not alone. In most communities there is a range of drug rehabilitation centers and programs available for teens. Most teen drug treatment programs include group and individual therapy, and constant support and medical care. Treatment programs teach you how to function in everyday life without using your substance of choice. Treatment is often needed to address drug addiction because ,quite simply ,its incredibly difficult to successfully quit on your own. You need guidance to understand reasons for your behavior ,and to be guided into a new healthy lifestyle.

J&K’s Journey towards drug-free society

J&K needs commitment for its effective implementation in long journey towards freeing the state from various cycle of drug ,and ensure bright future of upcoming generation. Governor-led state administrative council cleared first drug de-addiction policy for J&K. One of the biggest challenges in translation of policy into action is the change in perception and attitude that it demands. For long, substance abusers have been treated with disdain and contempt, said a psychiatrist who was part of the team that framed the policy. The policy seeks that substance abuse be treated as a health issue rather than a criminal one. It calls for treatment of abuse in the geographical premises of a healthcare institute rather than a separate set-up, so that the message is put across boldly that drug-addiction is one of the problems that are provided treatment in healthcare ambit “just like other diseases”. Given that most of those suffering substance abuse are in the young age group, the role of schools and other educational institutes in addressing the problem is of vital importance. The policy seeks that information about drug abuse, and its various forms, in addition to means for seeking help be included in curriculum by department of education. Schools must have regular counseling sessions for students about substance abuse. In addition, teachers must also be trained to identify as well as act in a scientific and goal oriented manner in cases of drug abuse. The entire project about drug de-addiction will be spearheaded by two government medical colleges of the State. But given that 15 departments are involved in implementation of the policy, through various specialized interventions, it provides a unique framework, but a coordination challenge as well. First and foremost, three departments will be involved in taking care of supply chain of substances of abuse – police, narcotics and excise department. The roles of the three are overlapping at times, but nonetheless designed to ensure reduction in availability of drugs. “The police department needs to ensure a proper regulatory control on drug peddling issues. The department can mobilize its intelligence wing to gather inputs and make proper decisions,” said another doctor.  The excise and taxation department has a pivotal role in plugging the supply channels of drugs. . It seeks the department to liaison with horticulture and agriculture departments and explore that cultivation of alternative crops could be as cash-worthy. Farmers could then be educated about these alternatives “This well-connected, well-networked informatics system can bring about a paradigm shift in drug-ravaged state, if implemented.” Taking into account how drug addiction wreaks havoc with the lives and livelihoods of the affected persons, the policy seeks comprehensive schemes to provide skill and livelihood rehabilitation for the affected. The department of social welfare has been given the mandate of designing and implementing rehabilitation centers where patients could be helped to come out of the vicious cycle of addiction by proving them skills to earn. Apart from that, a psychiatrist, trained in various aspects of de-addiction is an entity without which no de-addition center will run. This set-up is in line with the policy that seeks to treat drug-addiction as a mental health problem with physical, social and psychological ramifications.

Currently, the  fully-functional de-addiction center in Kashmir is run by Government Medical College (GMC) Srinagar’s Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (IMHANS) & Police controlled Drug De-Addiction and Rehabilitation center Srinagar(DDC PCR).DDC PCR Srinagar uses variety of therapeutic techniques including one-on-one counseling , yoga, exercise, medication. The Experienced counselors, Psychiatrists and General Physician on staff make DDC PCR Srinagar one of the most sought treatment program in Jammu and Kashmir. DDC PCR Srinagar provides patients with comfortable accommodations including A Multi GYM , AC wards, Delicious food both Veg and non Veg ,Recreation hall, Modern conference facilities and counselling rooms . Thanking the government for providing land for drug de-addiction center at Srinagar.

Abid Shah is Consultant PwC