IQBAL is one of the few poets to have championed the cause of freedom, social justice, world peace, unity of mankind and human brotherhood. Thorough his writings and speeches, he has challenged the socio-political order of the age. He was deeply and intimately concerned with the contemporary social problems. The poet urged and advised his youngsters to launch a crusade against the worn-out social political systems of his own time. As a keen observer, he closely studied the varied problems that confronted the present society. He was shocked to see the existing perilous conditions of the world full of doubt, fear, hatred, suspicion, and the evils of war. He earnestly tried to make man conscious of the evils that plague a society. He was not satisfied with the modern way of life and felt that there was something radically wrong with our way of thinking. Poverty, economic exploitation, corruption, moral degradation, social injustice, casteism, and the evils of war had torn apart the social fabric. They had created an unhealthy condition throughout the world. It was primarily with such a state of social affairs that Iqbal was deeply concerned. Having minutely observed and examined the various socio-political, economic and religious conditions of the world, Iqbal had formed a firm view that the salvation of mankind lay in the synthesis of the eastern and western cultures.
Iqbal as a young man awakened the nation through his poetry and soon presented a valuable work in philosophical verse. Asrar-o-rumuz came as a message of revolutionary change in Muslim society. In those days Islamic character had deteriorated and religion had ceased to inspire the new superficial class with its artificial props. The message of Iqbal was a new source of moral support and energy. With the influx of modern civilization and thought, new problems sprang up. The new generation was getting away from religion and eastern civilisation was at a discount. Iqbal, who was well versed in Islamic thought and who had been educated on western principles, proved himself a reliable leader for the guidance of Muslims, and Muslim society certainly owes a great debt to him for the present awakening of Islam, specifically indo-Pakistan.
(Ajaz Lone is Research Scholar in Iqbal Institute
of Culture and Philosophy, University of Kashmir. Feedback at firstname.lastname@example.org)