In its endeavour to ensure scientific disposal of waste, government has decided to utilize the Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) from garbage collected in summer capital in cement plants and brick kilns in Kashmir.
RDF is a fuel produced from various types of non-biodegradable item like plastic and polythene, industrial wastes or commercial wastes. It forms a major component of the city waste. For utilization of RDF, Srinagar Municipal Corporation (SMC) has roped in various cement factories and brick kilns.
"20 to 30 percent of 450 metric tons of waste daily generated in Srinagar comprises non-biodegradable items like plastic and polythene. We will send the plastic and polythene to cement factories and brick klins in shredded form," Commissioner SMC Dr Reyaz Wani told Greater Kashmir.
"This will help in scientific disposal of waste generated in Srinagar as per the Solid Waste Management Rules 2016 and comply with the directions of National Green Tribunal," he said.
The waste generated in Srinagar is dumped at city's lone dumping site at Achan here where locals have been resenting the improper disposal of waste. In the past there have been even violent protests in the area by locals prompting suspension of garbage collection in Srinagar. In absence of incinerator, the mixture of non-biodegradable items like plastic hampered the scientific disposal of waste at Achan.
"Both Government and private Enterprises need to come forward and chalk out a strategic plan for the proper utilization of this RDF in cement factories and brick kilns," commissioner said.
The commissioner said leading cement factories in the country make use of RDF in their plants. "Cement manufacturers of Kashmir need to adopt the technology to burn plastic, polythene in their plants," he said.
To mention, to discuss municipal solid waste management and uses of RDF as fuel in cement and brick plants of Kashmir, a meeting chaired by Pradeep Singh, advisor to Chief Minister on 29th November, 2017.
Officials said the meeting also discussed that memorandum of understanding needs to be signed which shall have members from SMC, ULB, a member from Rural Sanitation besides cement plants.
He said on the request of cement manufacturers, a study tour of such cement factories of the country was jointly conducted on 21 December to have firsthand experience of the RDF being used in the cement plants.
He said a team visited Ambuja Bhatapra (Raipur) and ACC Wadi (Hyderabad). The team comprised Pradeep Singh, advisor to Chief Minister, Reyaz Ahmad Wani, commissioner, SMC besides representative of Khyber Cement, Itefaq Cement, J&K Cements Ltd, Illahi Cments, Saifco Cements and
TCI and MAX. The trip was hosted by Ulhas Paarlekat, director, Geocycle/ACC Ltd. During the tour, the members had a detailed deliberations with the engineers both at Raipur (Chattisgarh) and Wadi Gulburge (Karnatka) at plant locations.
The SMC commissioner said there is a provision whereby cement plant can co-process municipal solid waste/RDF to the extent of 10% as fuel.
"As per estimate average requirement of coal is about 500 MTs for which 10% if replaced with RDF can lessen the burden of 50 TPD being accumulated and land filled. Cement Plants have to install a starter kit to start using RDF as fuel in their plants. The manufacturers showed their readiness to accept RDF to safeguard the environment as goodwill gesture," he said.
"The idea is a step towards zero landfill concept for Srinagar to improve its sanitation standards and beautification. We are committed to segregate and collect municipal solid waste at the household level will be undertaken in the near future with the participation of all stakeholders and local NGO's to make it a mass movement," Wani added
Waste generated in Srinagar on an average per day: 450 metric tons
Non-biodegradable waste: 20 to 30 percent
Dumping site: Achan