Surah Waduha and Insrah are tightly interconnected and can't be separated from one another. There text is continuously flowing in an orderly orchestrated multistep fashion. These are the only two surahs from the holy Qur'an where Allah (SWT) exclusively addresses to prophet Mohammad (SWT). Intriguingly, if you have a look at the Makki surahs, you will find Allah (SWT) either addresses the prophet in the beginning or at the end like in surah Mudassir, Muzammil, Noon, Kausar, and Nasr. Out of love, Hazrat Abdullah ibin Masood (RA) used to recite both surahs (Waduha and Insrah) in one go without the intervention of Bismillah. As far as the oaths taken by Allah (SWT) in different surahs are concerned, Surah Shamus encompasses 8 oaths, surah Lail 3, Surah Duha 2, and inshirah with no oath/s. If one would analyze these four surahs, one would observe the oaths taken by Allah (SWT) decreases and the fundamentals increases. An ordinary person from his own efforts can reach the level of Sidiqiyat (surah Lail). After that it is beyond the human efforts to reach the level of prophet hood unless and until Allah SWT privileges him with that highest seat of honor. Imam Raazi (RA) quotes surah Lail as surah Abu Bakrian and surah Wadha as surah Mohammadian. As far as the last verse of Lial is concerned, it ends up with the Arabic word `Yarda'. This is because of the fact Allah SWT can't exchange his word with a person who is not a nabi. Intriguingly, the exchange of words with Mohammad SAW is direct in surah Waduha.
Holy Quran has two contrasting features: (i) it is easy to understand in terms of tazakur, for which an open challenge has been thrown by Quran itself and (ii) difficult to understand in terms of tadabur. One can't measure its depth. Quran has been revealed in particular environment, at peculiar time (610-632 AD/ 22 years), at particular place (Hijaaz in general and minor portion at Tabouk), and exclusively in the Arabic text. However, the admonition in it is for every brain, for every community, for every nation, and forever. The Arabic text of Surah Wadha and Inshra is simple. One does not need to open Arabic dictionary to find the meaning of the words. Therefore, reading Wadha apparently seems simple but the reality is quite opposite. It emanates out difficult questions. What was that gloom and despair, melancholy feelings, and loss of hope. One has to simultaneously keep the prestige and honor of the holy prophet (SAW) into consideration while dealing with this surah. It is beyond the human intellectual to understand the intertwined complexity, and the human psychology underlying it.
I dedicate this piece to my beloved mentor Dr. Israr Ahmed (RA). May Allah (SWT) grant him Jannat ul Firdous
(The author is a researcher scholar in the Department of Biotechnology, University of Kashmir.)