On 9 November, 1877, was born a soul in Sialkot, to Sheikh Noor Mohammad and Imam Bibi. The soul was named as Sheikh Mohammad Iqbal who later gained recognition as Dr. Sir Mohammad Iqbal – the poet of the east. If I were to confer a tittle upon him, the title would be the poet of the Urdu world. His poetry wasn't confined to a particular sect but it encapsulated the universal notions and ideas. His pen touched each and every issue in a more philosophical way. He says:
"Sitarun sai aage jahaan aur bi hai
Abi ishq ke imtihaan aur bi hai"
Through his poetry he tried to raise every issue whether it be about the status of women or that of teachers, address to Moomin or to youth, his poetry is affluent in thought and inspiration. There have been many writers who served the Urdu literature in the best way they could but Dr. Iqbal's way was a little distinct. His philosophical manner provided a different aroma to his poetry. Dr. Iqbal's "Asrar-e-khudi" written in Persian language, deals with the philosophy of religion. He has also written "Bang-e-Dira", "Baal-e-Gibrael", "Zarb-e-kaleem", "Ramooz-e-khudi", which are widely read and appreciated. "Shikwa" and "Jawab-e-shikwa" leave the reader spellbound. To his credit also goes the composition of the song "Sare Jahaan Se Acha". Every time he is read, he leaves a reader stunned and compels him to shower praise on him. Each verse of Dr. Iqbal is full of philosophy thus always mesmerising to the reader.
Dr. Iqbal was a great advocate of Khudi [individuality] and describes its value in his poetry as:
"Khudi ko kar buland itna ki har taqdeer se pehlai
Khuda bande se khud puche bata teri raza kya hai".
Dr. Iqbal was knighted by George IV and thenceforth was called as Sir Mohammad Iqbal. He pursued his Doctorate from Munich University, Germany. He was Bar at Law from London.
Besides being a poet, an Allama (scholar) a knight, and a doctor, Dr. Iqbal was also a staunch Muslim. He is also known for his strong inclination and love for Islam and the Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H). He was also attributed with the titles of "Mufakir-e-Pakistan" (thinker of Pakistan) and "Hakim-ul-Ummat" (Sage of ummah). His poetry is much about Islam. He always dreamt for a global Muslim community. The love and passion he possessed for Islam is exemplary. According to Ali Bakhsh, his servant, he devoted his nights to the recitation of the Holy Quran and the Holy book was then left for drying the tears from its leaves. It must be noted that a devotee like Allama Iqbal never got a chance, throughout his life, to go for the Holy pilgrimage. Nevertheless, his contributions to Islam and Urdu literature are numerous.
It was on 21 April, 1938 that the world suffered a loss by losing the gem like Allama Iqbal. Indeed he was the most worthy and scholarly man who has ever breathed on the planet.
The writer is a BA(IST year) student in Women's college, Anantnag.