Audit is not confined to finance and accounts: The canvas of audit is now so wide that it covers under its ambit every field of human activity; thus, Engineering, Medicine, Agriculture, Power, etc. The Education institutions are accredited and put to ranking framework. These are subject to a variety of audits-Comprehensive Academic Audit, Curriculum Management Audit, Content Relevance Audit, Transaction Strategies Audit, Evaluation Process Audit, Examination System Audit and so on.
The literature generated by national level magazines and professional journals reflects that a new course of study on nine pillars of modern socio-economic fabric of India will find a space under Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) at higher education. These Navratnas or nine pillars are:
1. Startup/ Standup India
2. Make in India
3. Skill India
4. Digital India/ Digital Economy
5. Smart Cities/ Smart Villages
6. Swatch Bharat/ Spiritual Centres
7. Good Governance (From Government to Governance)
8. Yoga Exercises
9. Business Process Easeness
Curriculum Management Audit (CMA) is basically SWOT Analysis of all the components concerned under curriculum management. Strengths offer opportunities and weaknesses are confronted with threats. Thus CMA evaluates performance viz-a-viz select benchmarks.
Choice Based Credit System is spread over a wider academic spectrum. This is inter-disciplinary, multi-disciplinary and even trans-disciplinary. The knowledge is not compartmentalized but the learners have an open choice to select courses of study from allied and other disciplines.
The management techniques used in manufacturing process can easily be adopted in teaching-learning process to enhance productivity of teaching-learning process. A variety of learner centric curriculum transaction strategies are available to put to use.
Despite improvement in rate of literacy and gross enrolment ratio (GER), expansion and access to higher education institution, education has not been in a position to transform society. It is simply because of the fact that proper taxonomy is not used to convert data(Single Dimensional Phenomena) into information (Multiple Dimensional Phenomena) into knowledge duly supported by skills and values on its left and right resulting in education leading to wisdom and finally enabling one to draw a distinction between right and wrong and good and bad. While transacting course content a teacher is required to have an eye on the taxonomy process: Knowledge, Comprehension, Analysis, Synthesis, Evaluation.
Inspite of availing academic subsidy to the tune of 50% of syllabus , 17% of the 10th class examinees have miserably failed in the examination. The A, B, C analysis of result performance based on principle of objectivity suggests that under category 'C' 51.05% or 21544 (candidates) qualified examination. This is a clear reflection of poor teaching-learning process.
A set of learner centric instruction strategies viz-a-viz buzz-session, fish bowl, think-tank, syndicate method and Z to A approach. The management techniques like Kaizen, Six Sigma, Quality Circles can easily be used to enrich academic processes and systems to enhance productivity of teaching learning process. Altman's Z score analysis can be applied in combination with NAAC grading to find the health status of an academic organization.
World class Education Institutions are well known for their strong processes and systems management. The Academic-Industry interface primarily focuses on sharing of best practices. The way manufacturing processes are carried on with due support of management techniques can easily be introduced to improve upon academic processes and systems management. That is why there is a very good connect and linkages between institutions and industry in the West.
To conclude, campus should be abuzz to inspire learners in the process of thinking. There is a need to constitute panel of certified Academic Auditors comprising well qualified academics with administrative experience. The Educational Institutions at all levels in the state should be brought under the purview of Academic Audit. The State Education Department needs to initiate process in this regard at the earliest.