Demystifying nationalism

Nationalism has not to be confused with the State or Nation Stat; The State means simply any government and government machinery, be that democratic or non democratic, that politically and practically runs the affairs of a State.
Demystifying nationalism
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The modern Nation State is a concept that emerged from dismantling of many kingdoms and empires.  But this concept has proven more ideal than real because all over the world there is a strong feeling among the minority groups, religious and ethnic, living within Nation States that the rulers represent and safeguard their own interests and that of the majority community only.  

Nationalism has not to be confused with the State or Nation State. The State means simply any government and government machinery, be that democratic or non democratic, that politically and practically runs the affairs of a State. The Nation State, on the other hand, inclusive of "State" has a broader connotation. It means an organised government that derives its legitimacy by ruling its citizens through a "common identity" which is given the name of "Nationalism". The Nation or Nationalism is the name collectively assigned to different communities who are believed to be connected to each other by [Common] ethnicity, history, language and culture (not necessarily common religion) living within firmly-demarcated territorial boundaries. This idea of being connected to each other by the shared cultural, historical, ethnic and linguistic values forms the foundation-rock of any Nation State.  The State/the government and the Nation, that is, those governed, people, citizens, subjects , whatever you call them, are bracketed together to form a [single] Nation State or geographical area or race. 

At the time of partition, INC "seemingly" by not agreeing with M. A. Jinnah's two Nation Theory and V.D Savarkar's theory of Hindutva rejected division of India on "religious" lines and promoted "secular" ideology BUT "only to keep Muslims and have Kashmir" as INC "guided transition of power from British Raj to Hindu Raj". {S. Naqvi Exclusive Interview by Karan Thappar on India Today dated 05-07-2016 regarding his book: Being the other: Muslim in India: Naqvi further states in the said interview that Muslims of India couldn't notice this hidden agenda because "they were fooled" by Nehru and INC}. This statement of S. Naqvi is impliedly endorsed by A G Noorani in these words: "In the decisive phase of Cabinet Mission in 1946, M A Jinnah thrice discarded partition in favour of a United India but United India implied a sharing of power, which the Congress abhorred …" (Jinnah and Tilak, Comrades in the Freedom Struggle, A G Noorani, also quoted in the Hindu dated 10-08-2010). 

 Jinnah's proposal of "parity" was rejected by Nehru for the obvious reasons of grapping the power as early as possible in view of fast changing geo-political circumstances post WW 2nd and London Bombing because "nationalism is power hunger tempered by self-deception …it is inseparable from the desire for power. The abiding purpose of every nationalist is to secure more power and more prestige, not for himself but for the nation …… which he has chosen to sink his own individuality" (George Orwell's Essays, page 300-301).

At the time of partition, the bogey of Hindu Nationalism/Hinduness/Hindutva/ Akhand Bharat/Hindu Rashtra of V.D. Savarkar's wasn't floated so "covertly" by Indian leaders as they were interested at that time in creation of an Independent sovereign Indian State first as they were conscious of the fact that Hindu Nationalism would automatically come in place because of Hindu majoritarianism. It may be compared with France where French Nationalism was systematically followed many years after the French State had already come into existence when French was enforced in all parts of France.  In 1947, the INC's political slogan, seemingly devoid of any "religious overtones", was that the English were "Wicked" as they had held India by physical force motivating the young Indians for freedom from the Wicked British. (Bertrand Russell, In Praise of Idleness, 2003, page 122). But with the passage of time, it became manifestly clear from thousands of communal riots, hate speeches, open intimation, Gujarat and many like pogrom and demolition of Babri Masjid that V.D. Savarkar's pan-Brahman ideology of Hindu Nationalism or Hindutva is and was very much alive among the larger sections of Hindu population and politicians of India. For them, the British were less, but the Muslims are [More] "Wicked" descendants of Arabs and Muslim Rulers thought to be only foreigners, invaders and looters who ruled India for 850 years, though, is a fact. Some ultra BJP-MP S.N. Jyoti went to the extent of calling Hindus Ram Zaday ( sons of mythical God Rama) and Muslims Haram Zaday (illegitimate children of …….){ The Indian Express, dated 14-12-2014 and GK dated 30-09-2016}. 

These Hindu Nationalist Forces and their pan Hindu ideology are now firmly grounded in the social and cultural milieu in which huge Hindu population of India lives and works. It is now deeply entrenched in the Indian political, economic, religious, and even military blood. It has turned into an open Hindu ( better to call it Brahman ) pan-Nationalism as is evidently clear from the daily mob lynching , persecution, molestation, vandalism, arson , humiliation , rape, denigration of religion of 200 m Muslims and other religious and ethnic minorities in India. ..It would be advisable to recall the words of Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, .. to our minds. He said: "our principle of nationalism is not aggressive or chauvinistic…….if nationalism leads us to wrong paths, if it makes us feel that our country should be supported whether it is right or wrong, it deserves to be condemned. We have reached a stage where nationalism in not enough. ……. It does not matter if our national interests suffer as long as humanity can be saved thereby …" (Occasional Speeches and writings, (second series, 1957, pages 60 and 147). Quoting M K Gandhi in the same book at page 174, Dr. S Radhakrishnan, further writes: "my idea of nationalism is that ……if need be the whole of the country may die, so that the human race may live". …………………………………

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