Iqbal’s approach to rationality in faith

All themes of Iqbal in the Reconstruction strive to bring a revolution based on proper application of reason, and then its transformation into a well established normative system for revival for past legacies.
Iqbal’s approach to rationality in faith

Like All other great thinkers Allamah Iqbal also studied philosophical works of Greek thinkers and in addition to that he also had a grounding in German language which extensively helped him to study the German philosophers, particularly Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer and Bergson. His approach towards the rationalisation of faith is understood through the fact that he considered the mistake of Adam to be the first step towards the tendency of free and reflective thinking. At one instance he completely agrees to the scope and analytical virtues of philosophical sciences but on the other hand he doesn't want it to dominate the rich religious and cultural tradition of Islam which has its own importance in harmonising the inherent spiritual powers of man towards the attainment of a happy and positive living. 

His methodology in the field of logic is differently applied. He believes it is not only through reason that man can attain whole knowledge, rather in this complex process inner experience has got central place which is the beginning point of observation leading towards exploration. In his Reconstruction he has a separate topic discussing the spiritual and logic significance of ritual or prayer. 

This being a state of mind is not observable but that can not be the cause of its rejection as this idea of prayer and its relative consciousness is special to the person who is involved in the act. Iqbal proposes that inner experience is an important source of human knowledge, whether spiritual or logical, as both of them have to reach the faculty of imagination, observation, understanding, then resulting in a proper conclusion. These processes have to take place in mind influenced by certain forces which create possibility of super sensory experience along with first hand experience. In the concern of faith on has to remain subservient to the divine scheme, then he at the proper place also by reason. His perspective reflects that our first source of knowledge is revelation which is a kind of higher reason as exerted by the divine over humans on behalf of a great test for which we are here and this test in turn is to passes through faith and positive reason, being religiously discursive. He is critical of those rigid groups of rationalists who altogether deny the possibility of religious experience; to him there is no conclusive point in knowledge. With relation to this concept he also mentions the great german physicist, Einstein, whose theory of relativity changed our understanding of universe and that of its actual nature. 

Iqbal's intellectual thought is the combination of two aspects each signifying its importance at their particular places firstly philosophy which is mainly contained in his "Reconstruction" and his noble poetic works among which most illuminating are Armaghan e Hijaz, javid Namah, Bang e Darah, Ramuz e Bekhudi, Asrar i Khudi and finally Bal e jibril. In the comprehensive thought of Iqbal one finds an unbreakable bond between reason and faith . 

He says, "set the foundation of your deeds upon the principle of Love because intellect is not free from freedom". The ultimate aim of self is to acquire the knowledge through reason regarding the divine which then ultimately results in the involuntary creation of faith in the creator, life, purpose, love, devotion and resurrection which will act as a medium through which people look the reflection of their deeds . 

Iqbal looks a kind of inseparable connection between religion and reason which if combined can sprout into the highest attainments of humankind. The powerful and instigating story of Abraham, Joseph, Moses and Noah are not only the indicators of blind traditions but are having great lessons of morality and rational methodological actions as conducted by these prophets. All themes of Iqbal in the Reconstruction strive to bring a revolution based on proper application of reason, and then its transformation into a well established normative system for revival for past legacies. 

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