It may not be contributing to the global climate change, but Kashmir is the worst victim of the phenomenon, experts here believe.
According to the experts, the Valley is witnessing a significant decrease in hydrograph for past some decades which "has resulted in delayed winters and early springs in the region."
"We have witnessed longest dry spell of the past five decades in 2016-2017. In 2016, we had wet and snowless ChillaiKalan. Literally, we have been witnessing wet ChillaiKallan for past several years. It is a concern," said Professor Ishtiyaq Ahmad Mayer, head of department Geography, Kashmir University.
"There have been some changes in the global circulation of western and eastern disturbances for past several years. They have adversely affected our valley and we are witnessing early arrival of springs and delayed winters in Kashmir," he said.
He said Kashmir has become victim of global climate change though it is not a contributor to this phenomenon.
"We are at the receiving end. Our seventy percent hydrograph depends on rains and snow. ChillaiKalan when chances of snowfall are maximum and frequent is literally going wet from past several years," he said.
He added that that Kashmir has been impacted by floods and not by the drought in past. "But the changes in hydrograph indicate that we are heading towards to semi-drought. However, we have good number of winter days still this year. Let us see how much snow and rains occur," he said.
"The primary cause of climate change is the burning of fossil fuels, such as oil and coal, which emits greenhouse gases into the atmosphere—primarily carbon dioxide. Other human activities, such as agriculture and deforestation, also contribute to the proliferation of greenhouse gases that cause climate change," he informed.
Professor Shakeel Ahmad Ramshoo, head of department Earth Sciences, Kashmir University said that significant decrease in snowfall from past several years is a concern.
He said that official data of past 130 years reveal significant decrease in snowfall in Kashmir. "The accumulation of one to two feet snow in Srinagar was a normal thing. For past few decades, we have lesser and untraditional snowfall," he said.
"Global climate change is because of industrialization. Kashmir is not contributor to this change. Yes, we have some deforestation activities here. But the fact is that we are at receiving end due to global climate change which occurs due to activities in other parts of world," he added.
He said that that climate change, also called global warming, refers to the rise in average surface temperatures on Earth. "An overwhelming scientific consensus maintains that climate change is due primarily to the human use of fossil fuels, which releases carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the air," he said.
He added that the gases trap heat within the atmosphere, which can have a range of effects on ecosystems, including rising sea levels, severe weather events, and droughts that render landscapes more susceptible to wildfires.
Kashmir this season so far has witnessed dry snow, commonly known as Kat-Kosh. Some decades ago, Kashmir had been witnessing heavy snowfalls.
The snowflakes used to be wet commonly in Kashmir known as SheenehThous.