Where eves dare

Very few persons are aware of the historic role the college played in Kashmir politics at a crucial phase.
Where eves dare
File Photo

Women have played an important role in the movement from the very beginning. According to noted historian, Late Fida Muhammad Hasnain, two women were martyred on July 13, 1931 during protests against the Dogra army. They participated in the Quit Kashmir Movement as well and supported the Plebiscite Front. During 1990s, they did not stay indoors and today they are seen on the roads very often chanting pro-freedom slogans.

In mid 70s the college girls played a vital role in Kashmir politics. Political experts today agree that they (college girls) extended the life of the Plebiscite Front by two to three years.

The leaders were all set to take the Plebiscite Front to the altar for their vested interests. A deal had been finalized. People, by and large, were scared of indulging in political talk. It was at this crucial juncture of Kashmir's history that the students of Government College for Women did the "impossible". Daring cane charge and tear smoke shells, the defiant students made a strong political statement on November 14, 1973.

The stage was all set for changing the name of the college on the birth anniversary of the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru. The students resisted the move. Out they came on the posh Maulana Azad Road and pelted stones on government vehicles and the police. Unaware of the mood of the girl students, Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah arrived on the scene in his car to preside over the function. He had to retreat as a few stones thrown by "delicate hands" smashed the wind screen. But for this incident, the political wilderness of Plebiscite Front leaders would have ended in 1973 itself. This incident deferred transfer of power to Sher-e-Kashmir by two years, believes noted historian Shabnam Qayoom.

The valiant girls first smashed the signboard that was installed on the main building of the college. The remains of the board remained there till 2009 to remind people of the valiant fight of the college eves. In a jiffy the students of SP College and SP School joined the chorus. Bilquees, a student narrated the story. "As soon as we came out of the college, we saw a young man throwing stones on the police. He guided us and saved many girls from the cane wielding policemen. The boy was later identified as Jaleel Andrabi."

Jaleel won international acclaim for his work on human rights. He was killed in 1996 after his arrest by Major Avtar Singh. Major Avtar for years thereafter, lived a lavish life in America even as a Srinagar court instructed Interpol to arrest the erring Major. The killing has been protested against repeatedly by Amnesty International and other human rights groups. Major Avtar Singh killed himself and his family members in the US in early 2012.

Bilquees and her friends were the last to leave the "battle field". "We insisted on removal of the board. The authorities promised us immediate action. However, when we looked around, the protesters had left. We were the only persons present on the scene. Then we decided to leave", she said.

The agitation spread to other districts. People, especially the students, came out in large numbers to protest. They raised slogans against New Delhi and Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah. His effigies were burnt at a number of places. The government was forced to close down all educational institutions indefinitely. When the colleges opened after a fortnight, the students of erstwhile Regional Engineering College (REC) staged a demonstration at Lal Chowk. Brutal police action left several students injured. Scores were taken into custody. The agitation evoked responses in Jammu as well. The Jammu students attacked MA College and chanted anti-Pakistan slogans.

According to Shabnam Qayoom, the incident took place on November 5, 1973. In his Kashmir ka Siyasi Inqilaab, he says Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah was supposed to preside over the function and faced the wrath of angry students when he was on his way to the college. However, according to Bilquees, it was November 14 and not November 5. "We came to know about the designs of the authorities when all preparations had been finalized. The students were asked to stay back and that is it," she said. Other students of those times have differed with Shabnam Qayoom.

The college remains nameless to this day. It is still called Government College for Women. Very few persons are aware of the historic role the college played in Kashmir politics at a crucial phase. The daring students gave an opportunity to the resistance forces to regroup. The much needed regrouping took place and infused new life in the movement, though only for a brief period.  After two years the leaders fell from grace. They joined hands with  the "worms of the gutter". A movement spread over 22 years was brutally killed. Surprisingly, rather shockingly, Kashmiris celebrated the demise.

Related Stories

No stories found.
Greater Kashmir
www.greaterkashmir.com